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Water Filteration Medias Explained

FAQ's Ionic Exchange of Redox, KDF, Eagle Redox Alloy
Chart of Contaminants for Miracle Media Active Carbon (GAC, Carbon Block)
KDF/Eagle Redox Alloy Explained

Patented Eagle Redox Alloy® media consists of a high purity copper-zinc formulation. These substances exchange electrons or bond with chlorine and other metals contained in the water to create harmless substances.

KDF/Eagle Redox Alloy® is completely safe and meets EPA and FDA standards for levels of zinc and copper in potable water, so the process is not toxic and does not cause any adverse side effects. 

 
  •  What is Eagle Redox Alloy®?
    Eagle Redox Alloy® is a high-purity copper-zinc formulation that uses a basic  process  known as redox (oxidation/reduction) to remove chlorine, lead, mercury, iron, and hydrogen sulfide from water supplies.
  • How does Eagle Redox Alloy® Work?
    In short, the Eagle Redox Alloy® redox process works by exchanging electrons with contaminants. This "give and take" of electrons converts many contaminants into harmless components. During this reaction, electrons are transferred between molecules, and new elements are created. Some harmful contaminants are changed into harmless components. Others are electrochemically bound to the Eagle Redox Alloy® media
  • What Contaminants Does Eagle Redox Alloy® Remove?
    Eagle Redox Alloy® process media works to reduce or remove chlorine, iron, hydrogen sulfide, lead, mercury, calcium carbonate, magnesium, chromium, bacteria, algae, and fungi. Redox media removes up to 98% of water-soluble cations (positively-charged ions) of lead, mercury, copper, nickel, chromium, and other dissolved metals. In most cases, more than 98% of chlorine is removed if operated within recommended flow rates.
  • Will Eagle Redox Alloy® remove Iron from the Water?
    Redox media alloys function as catalysts to change soluble ferrous cations (positively-charged ions) into insoluble ferric hydroxide, which can be removed with regular backwashing. With enough oxygen dissolved in the water, iron removal rates of 98 percent or better are common.
  • How Does Eagle Redox Alloy® Remove Chlorine from the Water?
    High-purity copper-zinc redox media consistently remove 99% of free chlorine by electrochemically reducing dissolved chlorine gas to water-soluble chloride ions.
  • How does Eagle Redox Alloy® Remove Hydrogen Sulfide from the Water?
    When hydrogen sulfide contaminated water enters the Eagle Redox Alloy® filter, the copper in the Eagle Redox Alloy® media loses an electron and the sulfur gains an electron and copper sulfide and water are formed.  The copper sulfide is insoluble in water and can be backwashed off the Eagle Redox Alloy® filter media
  • Will the Eagle Redox Alloy® process media remove heavy metals such as lead from the water?
    Eagle Redox Alloy® media removes up to 98% of water-soluble cations (positively-charged ions) of lead, mercury, copper, nickel, chromium, and other dissolved metals. When filtered through Eagle Redox Alloy® media, soluble lead cations are reduced to insoluble lead atoms, which are electroplated onto the surface of the media. Other heavy metals bond to the media and may be recovered when the exhausted media pass through a copper smelter.
  • Will the Eagle Redox Alloy® process media control microorganism growth in the water filters?
    Eagle Redox Alloy® media are Antimicrobials. The media inhibits bacteria growth (fungi, algae and mold) and reduces lime scale, mold, and fungi. throughout the entire unit. The oxidation/reduction potential (ORP) shift by a factor of -300mV or more for water filtered through redox media controls microorganism growth. Treating water reduces bacteria and other microorganisms by disrupting electron transport, causing cellular damage.
  • Eagle Redox Alloy® process media also kill bacteria by direct electrochemical contact and by the flash formation of hydroxyl radicals and hydrogen peroxide, both of which interfere with a microorganism's ability to function.
  • Will the Eagle Redox Alloy® filter systems add any toxic substances to the water?
    Eagle Redox Alloy® process media are completely safe. Eagle Redox Alloy® media meet EPA and Food and Drug Administration standards for levels of zinc and copper in potable water, so the process is not toxic and does not cause any adverse side effects. You may not even realize that Eagle Redox Alloy® process media are working for you. Eagle Redox Alloy® media is the core product of many filtration systems, and can be used in conjunction with other products to provide superior purification.

 

Active Carbon (A Miracle Filter Media) Chart of Contaminants

Granular activated carbon is a highly adsorbent material used to remove contamination from water. Activated carbon has been known as a miracle filter media by many researchers because of its unique ability to remove offensive tastes, odors, color, chlorine and volatile organic chemicals, pesticides and trihalomethanes (a group of suspected carcinogens). Briefly, activated carbon acts like a sponge, with a large surface area to absorb contaminants in the water. The surface area of one pound of activated carbon is equal to 125 acres. Many scientists believe this is a result of an affinity that these chemicals have for carbon because of Van Der Waal forces. Activated carbon is the preferred treatment and method recommended by the EPA to remove a host of potentially hazardous and possibly carcinogenic chemicals in drinking water. A partial list of chemicals that are reduced or removed by activated carbon are:

The chart shows partial contaminants regulated for public water systems by the Safe Drinking Water Act, and the maximum contaminant levels (MCL), source, health effects and treatment options for each.

Organic

MCL

Source/Industrial occurrence

Health effect

Treatment

 Chlorobenzene

0.1

Used as a solvent for paint and metal manufacturing. Also used in insecticides.

Affects nervous system, kidneys and liver.

Activated carbon

CIS-1,2  Dichloroethylene

0.07

Used as an industrial solvent in the manufacturing of dyes, perfumes  and lacquers

Affects liver, and a nervous and circulatory systems. Probable cause of cancer.

Activated carbon

Dibromochloropropane

0.0002

Soil fumigant on soybeans, and cotton. Canceled in 1997.

Cancer

Activated carbon

Dioxin

0.00000003

Chemical production by-product; impurity in herbicides.

Affects lungs, liver and kidney. Probable cause of cancer.

Activated carbon

Epichlorohydrin

0

Used in epoxy resins and coating, and in flocculants.

Affects nervous system, kidney and liver.

Activated carbon

Ethlbenzene

0.7

Used in the manufacture of gasoline, insecticides and  asphalt

Probable cause of cancer

Activated carbon

Ethylene Dibromide

0.00005

Used as a gasoline additive and soil fumigant.

Affects nervous system, kidneys and liver.

Activated carbon

Monochlorobenzene

0.01

Used in manufacture of pesticides and as a metal cleaner and industrial solvent.

Cancer

Activated carbon

PAHs

0.0002

Coal tar coating, burnings organic matter, volcanoes, fossil fuels.

Cancer

Activated carbon

Phthalate (di(2-ethylhexyl))

0.006

PVC and other plastics.

Affects skin and liver. Causes nausea. Probable cause of cancer.

Activated carbon

Polychlorinated Biophenyts (PCBs)

0.0005

Used in electrical transformers.

Affect nervous system, kidneys and liver.

Activated carbon

Styrene

0.01

Used in manufacturing plastic, resins and foams.

Affects nervous system. Probable cause of cancer and anesthesia

Activated carbon

Tetrachloroethylene

0.005

Used in dry cleaning and as a degreasing agent for metals. Also used for manufacturing rubber, waxes, paints and inks.

Affects nervous system, liver and kidneys. Causes narcosis. Irritant to respiratory system.

Activated carbon

Toluene

1

Used in gasoline, paint thinners, lacquers and adhesives.

Cancer

Activated carbon, ozonation

 

Total Trihalomethanes

(THM's):

Chloroform

Bromoform

Bromodichloromethane

Dibromochloromethane

 

0.01

Formed when water containing organic matter is treated with chlorine.

ffects nervous system and muscles. Probable cause of cancer.

Activated carbon, aeration, ultra filtration (20-90%), RO (20-90%)

1,1 Dichloroethylene

0.007

Used in manufacturing dyes, plastic, perfumes, paints and adhesives

Affects kidneys and liver and can cause nausea.

Activated carbon

1,1,2-Trichloroethane

0.005

Solvent in rubber products, chemical production waste.

Kidney, liver, nervous system damage

Activated carbon, aeration

1,1,1-Trichloroethane

0.02

Used in manufacturing of pesticides, plastic and metals.

Affects nervous system. Causes narcosis and probably cancer.

Activated carbon

1,2 Dichlorobenzene

0.6

Used in the manufacturing of fumigants, insecticides, waxes, resins, rubber and asphalt

Affects lungs, liver and kidneys.

Activated carbon

1,2 Dichloroethane

0.005

Used in the manufacturing of gasoline, paint, varnish, metal degreasers and insecticide fumigants

Damage kidney and liver can cause nausea

Activated carbon

1,2 Dichloropropane

0.005

Used in insecticide fumigants, dry cleaning fluids and in manufacturing of resins, waxes and petroleum products

Affects lungs, liver and kidneys.

Activated carbon

1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene

0.07

Herbicide production; dye carrier.

Liver, kidney damage

Activated carbon, aeration

1,4 Dichlorobenzene

0.075

Used in moth repellent, germicides, pesticides and soil fumigants.

Affects nervous system, liver and kidneys. Probable cause of cancer.

Activated carbon

Acrytamide

0

Flocculants used in sewage and wastewater treatment.

Affect nervous system, probable cause of cancer.

Activated carbon

Adipates

0.4

Synthetic rubber, food packaging, cosmetics.

Decreased body weight; liver and testes damage.

Activated carbon, aeration

Benzene

0.005

Used in fuels and as a solvent in manufacturing pharmaceuticals, plastics, pesticides and paints. Often traced to leaking underground storage tanks.

Leukemia, anemia and possibly cancer

Activated carbon

Trans-1,2 Dichloroethylene

0.1

Used as an industrial solvent in the manufacturing of dyes, perfumes, lacquers and rubber.

Affects liver, and nervous and circulatory systems

Activated carbon, ozonation with UV irradiation

Trichloroethylene

0.1

Used in dry cleaning and as a degreasing agent. Also used for manufacturing rubber, paints, adhesives, resins, oils and fumigants.

Irritates body tissue. Affects nervous system. Probable cause of cancer.

Activated carbon

Vinyl Chloride

0.005

Used as a plastic adhesive and refrigerant. The main component of PVC pipe

Affects nervous system. Probable cause of cancer.

Activated carbon

Xyienes

0.002

Used in manufacturing paint, ink, petroleum and detergents.

Affects nervous system, kidneys, lungs, liver and mucous membranes.

Activated carbon

The contaminants or other substances removed or reduced by this unit are not necessarily in your water.
Source: Water Technology, Directory Issue / 1995
































































 

 

 

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